Legal Notice


Publisher identification


ENS Paris-Saclay

Centre for Economics at ENS  Paris-Saclay
Building South-West
4 avenue des Sciences
91190 Gif-sur-Yvette

Université d’Evry-Val d'Essonne

Centre for Economic Policies Studies of Evry (EPEE)
Building Ile-de-France
Boulevard Francois Mitterrand
91025 Evry Cedex


Copyright and intellectual property

CEPS is a trademark registered at the French National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI).

This website is the exclusive property of CEPS, and is protected by French and international legislation on copyright and intellectual property. The texts, pictures, drawings, videos, etc. that make up the website are the property of CEPS or of third parties allowing to CEPS the right to use them. The layout, the resulting code and the databases are also protected by the Intellectual Property Code.

In accordance with the provisions of article L 122-5 paragraph 2 of the Intellectual Property Code, copies or reproductions strictly reserved for the private use of the copier and not intended for collective use are authorised. Short quotations are authorised in the context of communication, publishing or other actions for professional use, provided that the author and the URL address of the page quoted are mentioned.

In the case of digital publication, the URL address must allow direct access to the cited page or, failing that, to the home page. The reproduction of texts from this site on paper may also be authorised in an educational context, subject to the following conditions: free distribution; respect for the integrity of the documents reproduced; clear and legible citation of the source. A request for authorisation must first be sent to


Hypertext links

The use of (hypertext) links by third parties to pages and/or documents available on the website of CEPS is authorised regarding that these links do not contravene the interests of CEPS, and that they guarantee the capacity for users to identify the origin and the author of the document.


Right of access, rectification and deletion

In accordance with the law n° 78-17 of January 6, 1978 relating to data processing, files and freedoms, you have the right to oppose (art. 26), access (art. 34 to 38), rectify (art. 36) and delete any information and data concerning you. To request this right contact


Cookies policy

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Mandatory cookies: This website uses cookies necessary for its proper functioning. They cannot be disabled and are not subject to the consent of the persons concerned. This information is not shared with any third parties.

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